OAI

Fonds JM-EARJ - Ethiopian Archbishop Residence in Jerusalem

File entitled "Yäleyu leyu guday däräseññoč käzih yegäññalu" File n°6 File n°359 File n°360 File n°358 File n°356 Receipt from Municipality of Jerusalem sent to Superior of Abyssinian Church for cleaning the ces... Receipt for the payment to François A. Albina for a metal door or fence Certificate for deposit of 6000 piasters in Crédit Lyonnais Bank, Jerusalem Agency, by Dädjazmatc... First scheme, dealing with the monastery of Däbrä Gännät

Identity area

Reference code

JM-EARJ

Title

Ethiopian Archbishop Residence in Jerusalem

Date(s)

  • 1896-01-01-1968-04-23 (Creation)
  • 1896-01-01-2018 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

Global extent: to be completed; 177 selected and described items

Context area

Name of creator

(1951-Present)

Administrative history

Until the middle of 20th century, the Ethiopian Orthodox community in Jerusalem was led by an abbot, appointed by the Ethiopian monarchy. He was in charge of the Ethiopian monasteries in Jerusalem and Jericho. In 1951, a new organization of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church was established and new dioceses were defined in Ethiopia and aboard. The diocese of Jerusalem, including all Ethiopian Orthodox communities in Holy Lands, was created with its headquarter in the old city of Jerusalem. Thus, the Ethiopian Orthodox community was not anymore led by an abbot but a bishop. The Jerusalem bishopric was later upgraded to Archbishopric from 1959.
Some Ethiopian Bishops:

  • Filppos (1951-1966)
  • Yosef (1966-1972)
  • Matéwos (1972-1977)
  • Matthias (1979-1982; 2009-2013)
  • Selama (1982-1984)
  • Gabriel (1998-2001)
  • Kewistos (2002-2005)

The Archbishopric of Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Jerusalem organizes and supervises the religious activities of the Ethiopian Orthodox communities in Israel and in Jerusalem. It also manages the different properties that the Ethiopian Orthodox Church acquired in Israel and Jerusalem.

Archival history

It seems that the archives’ organisation changed several times during the last 50 years: therefore, today’s folders represent only the last state of many arrangements.
Some of the oldest documents show marks of fire incidence and conversation works. These are clues of the poor condition of these archives until the 1960s as stated in the 1966 report found in Addis Ababa.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The Ethiopian archbishop’s residence in the old city preserves a part of Ethiopian community’s archives. These archives are divided into two main sections: the current administrative archival office, which includes all types of administrative documents, and the manuscript section.

  • The Administrative section
    In the current administrative archival office, there is an heterogeneous set of documents dated from the end of 19th century to present. There is no historical archives properly speaking. These archives are still used by the local administration for current affairs.
    Among all the folders stored in that place, seven include documents created before 1950: folders n°6, 154, 356, 358, 359, 360 and a last one entitled in Amharic “yä-leyu leyu guday däräseññoč käzih yegäññalu” including different types of documents unclassified. In addition to these folders, a book written in 1903-1904 (manuscript in Amharic) was recorded as “folder” n°172 and a report written in 1925 as “folder” 216.
    Documents dated before to 1950 found in the archives (ca. 160 documents) are administrative and financial documents, such as payment receipts, cheques, bank documents, financial reports, letters and correspondence including daily issues of the community, etc. These documents are written in Arabic, English, French, German languages. Amharic marginalia are often added to documents in order to give a clue to the topic of the document. Very few documents are fully written in Amharic. 55 documents are written in Arabic.

  • The manuscripts section
    The manuscripts section carefully preserves numerous parchment and paper manuscripts written in Ethiopian languages (Geez and Amharic). The collection represents more than 760 manuscripts. The oldest one dates back to the 15th century.

Through this collection, one could study the daily life of the Ethiopian religious community established in Jerusalem, and get information to understand all their problems and opportunities, such as housing, supplies, access to public services, administration or worship. Receipts and payment document are witnesses of Ethiopian involvement in local life.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

The collection is still increasing.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Subject to the authorization of Ethiopian Archbishop Residence in Jerusalem.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Two catalogues are available for the manuscript section, but they provide incomplete information.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Publication note

Pedersen, Kirsten. The History of the Ethiopian Community in the Holy Land from the Time of Emperor Tewodros II till 1974. Jerusalem: The Ecumenical Institute for Theological Research, 1983.

Publication note

Pedersen, Kirsten. “The Historiography of the Ethiopian monastery in Jerusalem”, Ethiopian Studies, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, edited by G. Goldenberg and B. Podolsky, 419-426. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1986.

Publication note

Ancel, Stéphane and Lemire, Vincent, "New Sources on the Ethiopian Christian Community in Jerusalem, 1840–1940", Jerusalem Quarterly, vol. 71, 2017, pp. 106-119.

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAD(G), Second Edition, Ottawa 2000.

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Catalogue prepared on January 2018

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Inventory of a range of items from the Archives of the Ethiopian Archbishop Residence in Jerusalem, (1896-Present), held by the Ethiopian Archbishop Residence in Jerusalem, made by Stéphane Ancel, 2018.

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

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